Know About Diabetes and Its Management

4. Type – 1: It occurs due to the body’s inability to produce insulin (the vital hormone responsible for the utilization of glucose and its conversion to energy) as a result of the autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. It often begins in childhood, hence known as a juvenile. However, this disease can also develop in the late ’30s and early ’40s. Juvenile diabetes can be hereditary or a cause of an autoimmune disorder.

5. Type – 2: It is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, (high levels of glucose circulating in the blood) which is a result of insulin resistance/ low production of insulin in the body (cells, fats, and liver do not respond to insulin; thus excess glucose does not get stored in the cells). Increasing inactivity and excessive consumption of junk food have made type-2 diabetes very common at every age.

6. Typical symptoms of Diabetes are Polydipsia (increased thirst), Polyuria (frequent urination), Polyphagia (increased hunger), unexplained and sudden loss of weight, blurring of vision, fatigue, and nausea.

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