Know About Diabetes and Its Management

What is diabetes?

1. Diabetes is a chronic disorder that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin needed to process the glucose or when the body cannot effectively utilize the already produced insulin.

2. Insulin is a hormone (produced in the beta cells of Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas) responsible for the regulation of blood sugar. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

3. Diabetes is of two types:

(i)Type-1/ insulin-dependent diabetes/ juvenile-onset diabetes

(ii) Type-2/ noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus/ adult-onset diabetes