What Causes Arthritis? Is It a Disease or Disorder?

Many of us are affected by arthritis, or know someone who is.  Arthritis is a condition of moderate to severe pain that affects the joints, but what exactly is it that causes some people to get arthritis while others don’t?

The quick and easy answer as to what causes arthritis is that we really don’t know yet.  There’s no one answer that explains every case.  There’s no “arthritis disease” that you catch like a cold that causes you to develop symptoms.  Arthritis is simply a joint disorder that develops with time.  In fact, there are over a hundred types of arthritis and many of them are probably caused by different factors.

What we do know is that there are some risk factors that increase your chances of having a problem.  While they may not be the root cause of your arthritis, they could definitely be helping to further the problem along.

One of the biggest risk factors associated with arthritis is age.  You know that as you get older, there’s more wear and tear on your body.  Arthritis may not be caused specifically by wear and tear on the joints, but it will definitely speed up the process or increase symptoms.  That is why a large number of people over 65 have arthritis, regardless of the other factors.

Another factor that can increase your chances of developing arthritis is the weight.  If you are overweight, you’re going to increase the stress on your joints and will likely have more problems with arthritis.  Starting a diet and exercise plan now may reduce symptoms or slow the progress of the disease.

Joint injury is often a factor in developing arthritis.  Just like all the other factors, it’s not a root cause; however, you’re more likely to develop arthritis in a joint that has had a previous injury.  If you do injure yourself, be sure to care for it properly so it heals quickly and doesn’t get damaged again.

Doctors aren’t really sure how big a part genetics plays in the development of arthritis, but they do know it’s related.  If your parents have arthritis, it’s more likely that you will as well.  Although this doesn’t mean that just because your parents had it, you will too.  By reducing the likeliness of other causes, you can reduce your risk.

Many people associate arthritis with athletes and other physically active people.  While it would make sense that physical work would put more stress on joints and increase the likelihood of arthritis, studies really haven’t shown this to be true.  While the risk of athletes developing arthritis is higher, this is associated with their increased chance of joint injury.  This means you can continue your daily exercise routine (it will probably even help), but always take precautions to avoid injury.

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